%% Copyright 2010 R. Matveyev
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% This work consists of the files:
% lpic.sty instructions.tex
% instructions.pdf instructions-differential.eps
% instructions-differential.pdf README
\documentclass[10pt]{amsart}
\usepackage{lpic}
\setlength{\topmargin}{0mm}
\setlength{\textheight}{210mm}
\def\cmd#1{\texttt{$\backslash$#1}}
\let\tex=\TeX
\let\latex=\LaTeX
\def\pdflatex{pdf\LaTeX}
\title{Package \texttt{lpic.sty}. \latex{} over included graphics.}
\author{R. Matveyev}
\begin{document}
\maketitle
The package \textbf{\texttt{lpic}} defines convenient interface to put any
\latex{} material on top of included graphics.
\latex{} material could also be rotated and typeset on top of a white
box overshadowing graphics. Since coordinates of \latex{} boxes are
given relative to the original, unscaled graphics, when graphics is
rescaled, \latex{} annotations stay at their right places (unless you
do something extreme). In a draft mode it allows to draw a coordinate
grid over the picture for easy adjustment of positions of the annotations.
\section{Usage}
Package defines an environment \texttt{lpic} and \cmd{lbl}.
The environment \vspace{2mm}\par\noindent
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}[{\sc OPTIONS}]
\{$<${\sc filename}$>${\sc DIMENSIONS}\}
\begin{quote}
\cmd{lbl}[{\sc POSITION}]
\{{\sc x-coord,y-coord[,angle];\latex{} material}\}\\
\vdots
\end{quote}
\cmd{end}\{\texttt{lpic}\} \vspace{2mm}\par\noindent
produces a \tex\ box with included graphics and the \latex{} material on
top of it.
\begin{itemize}
\item[$<${\sc filename}$>$] is a name of external
graphics in \texttt{PS, EPS} or \texttt{PDF} format. There is no need
to give the extension of the file, appropriate format will be
chosen, depending whether \latex{} or \pdflatex is run on the
document. Convention is the same as for \texttt{epsfig} package.
\vspace{2mm}
\item[{\sc DIMENSIONS}] is one of the following:
\begin{enumerate}
\item empty string
\item \texttt{() }
\item \texttt{(,) }
\item \texttt{(X) }
\item \texttt{(X,) }
\item \texttt{(,Y) }
\item \texttt{(X,Y) }
\end{enumerate}
where each \texttt{X} and \texttt{Y} is either a positive decimal (with
decimal point, not coma!) or length (currently only numerical
constant lengths work). Decimal number is interpreted as a scale
coefficient and length is interpreted as the desired horisontal or
vertical dimension of the figure.
If neither \texttt{X} nor \texttt{Y} are supplied (cases 1, 2, 3), then
the original unscaled picture is included. If only one of \texttt{X} and
\texttt{Y} is given (cases 4, 5, 6), then picture is scaled
homotetically. If both are present (case 7), then graphics is
scaled vertically and horisontally, according to given parameters.\\
For example: \\
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}\{\texttt{tessalation}\} -- means include
graphics in the file \texttt{tessalation} at the original size.\\
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}\{\texttt{tessalation(0.5)}\} -- means
include graphics at the half the original size.\\
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}\{\texttt{tessalation(0.5,3)}\} -- means
include graphics shrinking twice in the horisontal direction and
stretching 3 times in the vertical direction.\\
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}\{\texttt{tessalation(,10cm)}\} -- include
graphics homotetically scaled, so that height is equal to 10cm.\\
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}\{\texttt{tessalation(150mm)}\} -- include
graphics homotetically scaled, so that width is equal to 150mm.\\
\cmd{begin}\{\texttt{lpic}\}\{\texttt{tessalation(150mm,0.7)}\} --
include graphics scaled, so that width is equal to 150mm and
height is 0.7 of the original.
\vspace{2mm}
\item[\sc OPTIONS] is a coma separated list of options (no spaces).
Option are processed
sequentially, thus options to the right override preceding ones.
Parameter in \texttt{()} is optional, if omitted then some default
value is taken.
Options are:
\item[\texttt{l(length)}] -- the size of the left margin beyond
bounding box of graphics (default
0mm). Negative values are also acceptable.
\item[\texttt{r(length)}] - right margin
\item[\texttt{t(lenght)}] - top margin
\item[\texttt{b(length)}] -- bottom margin
\item[\texttt{grid(step)}] -- Draw a grid over the picture of
step \texttt{step*}\cmd{lpunitlength} and
thickness \cmd{lpgridthickness}. Parameter
\texttt{step} must be an integer and defaults to 5.
\item[\texttt{coords(step)}] -- write coordinates with the step
\texttt{step*}\cmd{lpunitlength}. Parameter step
must be an integer and defaults to 10.
\item[\texttt{frames(length)}] -- draw boxes of thickness {\tt
length} over \latex{} material. Default value is
0.01mm
\item[\texttt{frame(length)}] -- draw a box around the whole
thing (margins included). \texttt{length} is the
thickness of the lines. Default value is
0.7mm.
\item[\texttt{figframe(length)}] -- draw a box around the
included graphics. \texttt{length} is the
thickness of the lines. Default value is
0.2mm.
\item[\texttt{draft}] -- draw whatever is convenient for
adjusting the positions of \latex{}
material. That includes grid, coordinates, all
types of frames.
\item[\texttt{clean}] -- remove all auxiliary stuff.
\item[\texttt{nolbl}] -- don't typeset any \latex{} material.
\item[\texttt{nofigure}] -- don't include the graphics, just an
empty box of appropriate size
\end{itemize}
\vspace{2mm}\par\noindent
Inside of \texttt{lpic} environment one can issue \cmd{lbl} command
with the following syntax:\vspace{2mm}\par
\texttt{\cmd{lbl}[{\sc OPTIONS}]%
\{{\sc COORDINATES; any \latex{} material}\}}
\vspace{2mm}\par\noindent
\latex{} material is put in a box, rotated if necessary and printed
in appropriate place. White rectangular background, which overshadows part of graphics could also be created.
\begin{itemize}
\item[\sc COORDINATES] are either pair or a triple of decimals. The
first two numbers are coordinates of the point, where \latex{} material
should be placed and the third is an angle of rotation applied to
the box containing the material. Coordinates are measured in the
coordinate system in the original, unscaled picture, with the unit
equal to \cmd{lpunitlength} (default 1mm). So, if the picture is
scaled, all the boxes containing \latex{} will hopefully stay at their
appropriate places.
\item[\sc OPTIONS] is optional and consists of at most three letters,
one from the set {\tt\{t,b\}}, one from {\tt\{r,l\}} and one from {\tt\{w,W\}}
in any
order. \texttt{[t$|$b,l$|$r]} options give a reference point in a box containing \latex{}
text. Coordinates refer to this reference point. Rotation is also
centered at this point. Thus, there are total 9 possibilities
referring to 9 evenly spaced points in the rectangle.
If one of \texttt{[w$|$W]} is given then \latex is put on top of white box.
The size of the box is equal to the size of the box containing the material in case of \texttt{w}
and margins \cmd{lpbgsep}-wide are added in case of \texttt{W}.
Note that \texttt{xdvi} apparently renders postscript after dvi, so any postscript covers dvi material.
Thus, if you use background, you will not be able to see your \latex{} in \texttt{xdvi}.
but once postscript file is created, \latex{} will show.
\end{itemize}
\section{ADJUSTABLE PARAMETERS}
\begin{itemize}
\item[\cmd{lpunitlength}] (1mm) Units in the unscaled coordinate
system.
\item[\cmd{lpmarginright}] (0mm)
\item[\cmd{lpmarginleft}] (0mm)
\item[\cmd{lpmargintop}] (0mm)
\item[\cmd{lpmarginbottom}] (0mm) Default sizes of margins.
\item[\cmd{lpbgsep}] (\cmd{fboxsep}) Margins for the white background.
\item[\cmd{lpgridthickness}] (0.01mm) Thickness of the grid lines.
\item[\cmd{lpframethickness}] (0.7mm) Thickness of the frame around
the whole box.
\item[\cmd{lplblframethickness}] (0.01mm) Thickness of the frame
around labels.
\item[\cmd{lpfigframethickness}] (0.2mm) Thickness of the frame
around included graphics.
\item[\tt lpgridstep] (5) Counter containing the step to draw grid lines
\item[\tt lpcoordstep] (10) Counter containing the step to draw coordinates
\end{itemize}
\newpage
\section{Example}
\def\T{\operatorname{\mathrm T}}
\def\d{\operatorname{\mathrm d}}
\def\o{\ensuremath{\text{\tiny$\operatorname{\mathcal O}$}}}
\def\R{\mathbb R}
Provided the file \texttt{instructions-differential.eps} or \texttt{instructions-differential.pdf}
contains the graphics one can include it in the document, drawing a
grid and putting \latex{} on top of it.
\begin{verbatim}
\begin{lpic}[l(10mm),r(5mm),t(5mm),b(10mm),draft]{instructions-differential(0.7,0.6)}
\lbl[t]{80,9;$x_0$}
\lbl[b]{87,11;$\delta x$}
\lbl[t]{101,7,-7;$x_0+\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,11;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[t]{88,59;$\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,61;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[tl]{120,3,-10;$X=\R$}
\lbl[r]{79,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{79,102;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[lb]{21,115;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[l]{22,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{16,88;$f(x_0)+\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{19,60;$f(x_0)$}
\lbl[r]{11,110;$f(x_0+\delta x)$}
\lbl[l]{42,99;$\o(\delta x)$}
\lbl[b]{10,121;$Y=\R$}
\lbl[br]{47,21;Graph of $\d f$}
\lbl[bl]{26,36,13;Graph of $y=f(x)$}
\end{lpic}
\end{verbatim}
\vspace{5mm}
\begin{lpic}[l(10mm),r(5mm),t(5mm),b(10mm),draft]{instructions-differential(0.7,0.6)}
\lbl[t]{80,9;$x_0$}
\lbl[b]{87,11;$\delta x$}
\lbl[t]{101,7,-7;$x_0+\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,11;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[t]{88,59;$\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,61;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[tl]{120,3,-10;$X=\R$}
\lbl[r]{79,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{79,102;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[lb]{21,115;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[l]{22,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{16,88;$f(x_0)+\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{19,60;$f(x_0)$}
\lbl[r]{11,110;$f(x_0+\delta x)$}
\lbl[l]{42,99;$\o(\delta x)$}
\lbl[b]{10,121;$Y=\R$}
\lbl[br]{47,21;Graph of $\d f$}
\lbl[bl]{26,36,13;Graph of $y=f(x)$}
\end{lpic}
\vspace{5mm}
When all label on the picture are adjusted one can get a ``clean''
picture by either removing \texttt{draft} option or adding \texttt{clean}.
\begin{verbatim}
\begin{lpic}[l(10mm),r(5mm),t(5mm),b(10mm),draft,clean]{instructions-differential(0.7,0.6)}
...
\end{lpic}
\end{verbatim}
\begin{lpic}[l(10mm),r(5mm),t(5mm),b(10mm),draft,clean]{instructions-differential(0.7,0.6)}
\lbl[t]{80,9;$x_0$}
\lbl[b]{87,11;$\delta x$}
\lbl[t]{101,7,-7;$x_0+\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,11;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[t]{88,59;$\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,61;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[tl]{120,3,-10;$X=\R$}
\lbl[r]{79,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{79,102;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[lb]{21,115;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[l]{22,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{16,88;$f(x_0)+\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{19,60;$f(x_0)$}
\lbl[r]{11,110;$f(x_0+\delta x)$}
\lbl[l]{42,99;$\o(\delta x)$}
\lbl[b]{10,121;$Y=\R$}
\lbl[br]{47,21;Graph of $\d f$}
\lbl[bl]{26,36,13;Graph of $y=f(x)$}
\end{lpic}
Now if the picture is rescaled, \latex{} boxes also shift to
appropriate positions. However, the angles are the visible angles in
the final output and
sometimes they have to be adjusted after rescaling of the included graphics.
\begin{verbatim}
\begin{lpic}[l(10mm),r(5mm),t(5mm),b(10mm),draft,clean]{instructions-differential(0.8,0.4)}
...
\end{lpic}
\end{verbatim}
\begin{lpic}[l(10mm),r(5mm),t(5mm),b(10mm),draft,clean]{instructions-differential(0.8,0.4)}
\lbl[t]{80,9;$x_0$}
\lbl[b]{87,11;$\delta x$}
\lbl[t]{101,7,-7;$x_0+\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,11;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[t]{88,59;$\delta x$}
\lbl[b]{120,61;$\T_{x_0}X$}
\lbl[tl]{120,3,-10;$X=\R$}
\lbl[r]{79,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{79,102;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[lb]{21,115;$\T_{f(x_0)}Y$}
\lbl[l]{22,74;$\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{16,88;$f(x_0)+\d f(\delta x)$}
\lbl[r]{19,60;$f(x_0)$}
\lbl[r]{11,110;$f(x_0+\delta x)$}
\lbl[l]{42,99;$\o(\delta x)$}
\lbl[b]{10,121;$Y=\R$}
\lbl[br]{47,21;Graph of $\d f$}
\lbl[bl]{26,36,13;Graph of $y=f(x)$}
\end{lpic}
\vspace{5mm}
\end{document}